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4 Ways Interior Design Affects Human Behaviour

interiordesign and human behaviour

It is true that people respond to spaces based on how its components are organized. Interior design ensures that the built environment is as welcoming and conducive as possible for people who interact with it. Taking behavioural patterns into consideration, certain combinations of elements such as colours, texture, patterns, lighting and so on within a space will spur a series of actions which determine the impact the environment has on users.

The Tiffany & Co concept store is a great example where the Interior Designer uses only two colours and a simple narrative to appeal to the upscale pedestrian traffic in Harajuku. The store is located in a youth center vicinity on Cat street; a prime spot dedicated to to lower-priced diffusion lines of luxury brands with an ultimate objective of enticing the youths to feel comfortable enough to spend. 

A large part of Interior Design relies on creativity, however, it is also important that the Architect has a vivid understanding of how spaces they create will influence those who they create it for and this is what we intend to reveal here.

01. Lighting

Radiant spaces usually have a welcoming appeal and show positive attributes. For instance, it has been revealed that lighting encourages a good amount of productivity when compared to dark or poorly lit spaces which would appear dull in workspace design. However, for areas such as bars or corridors, low light levels would not be considered a problem for the users. Therefore, a fair combination of light levels is required depending on the purpose and form the space holds.

02. Colours

Like lighting, colours are key determinants of how people behave within a structure. Whiles some colours strike anxiety or discomfort, others spark either productivity, warmth or serenity. This is clearly seen in the kind of colours used in a classroom, for instance, we see colours such as blue, yellow, green, white and so on, all of which are known to ignite excitement and boost environmental awareness. It is for this same reason that bedrooms are painted with soothing colours and workspaces have a more upbeat rhythm of colours. When making colour choices for various spaces, it is best to first consider the emotions you want the space to provoke.

03. Patterns

From simple to busy, patterns have their unique way of setting the tone within an environment, though they are often exciting and add an energetic appeal to spaces, some of them are more subtle and barely noticeable but still add to the aura the space exhibits. For instance, think about how tiny yellow flower vases placed across various spaces within an apartment would subtly add to the feeling it exudes. Such repetitions make it easier for people to settle in and get familiar with the place even when they visit for the first time. However, too many patterns within a small space would be repulsive and uncomfortable for people.

04. Layout

This is definitely one aspect not to be overlooked. How the components of interior spaces are organized will give direction to the users. Telling them what to pay attention to and how to interact with the various aspects of the space. Layout features such as sitting arrangements, focal areas, furniture placements, and the overall positioning of elements within the space will give the users hints about what and how to get accustomed to the space thereby influencing their behavioural responses.

It is important that for every project, the architect understands the design requirements based on the purpose of the space as well as what the nature of people who are likely to interact with it. Knowing this will guide them towards creating Interior spaces which are functional, aesthetic and conducive for use.

Have you had an experience where the Interior features of a room influenced your behaviour? Tell us about it in the comments.

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